Random Facts
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60 Eye-Opening Facts About . . .

Sleep

  1. Humans spend a third of their life sleeping (25 years or more).h
  2. Humans can survive longer without food than they can without sleep.e
  3. During the first two years of a baby’s life, new parents will miss six months of sleep on average.e
  4. In 1894, Russian scientist Marie Mikhaïlovna de Manacééne conducted one of the earliest experiments on extreme sleep deprivation. She found that when she deprived puppies of sleep, they all died within four or five days, despite every effort to keep them alive. The younger the puppy, the more quickly it died.k
  5. Giraffes Koalas Giraffes sleep just 1.9 hours a day while koalas sleep up to 22 hours a day
  6. Giraffes sleep only 1.9 hours a day in five- to 10-minute sessions. Koalas, however, are the longest-sleeping mammals, sleeping up to 22 hours a day.a,b
  7. The word “sleep” derives from the Proto-European base *sleb, “to be weak,” and is related to “slack.” “To sleep around” was first recorded in 1928.j
  8. Sleep is a universal characteristic of complex living organisms and has been observed in insects, mollusks, fish, amphibians, birds, and mammals.f
  9. Only one half of a dolphin’s brain goes to sleep at a time. Dolphins are capable of what is known as unihemispheric sleep, in which one hemisphere of the brain goes into a deep sleep while the other hemisphere remains awake. This allows dolphins to sleep under water without drowning. Dolphins spend approximately one third of their lives asleep.k
  10. Slow-wave sleep appeared about 180 million years ago. REM sleep is believed to have appeared 50 million years later. Humans most likely developed a monophasic sleep/wake pattern in the Neolithic period (10,000 B.C.).k
  11. In Greek mythology, Hypnos (Somnus in Roman mythology) was the god of sleep. Thanatos, or death, was his twin. Poppies and other sleep-inducing plants grew at the entrance of Hypnos’ cave.k
  12. Heart disease, diabetes, and obesity all have been linked to chronic sleep loss.k
  13. There are at least 84 identified sleep/wake disorders.h
  14. During the night, we move back and forth between quiet sleep and deeper, active sleep. We go through four or five 90- to 110-minute rounds of this basic quiet/active sleep cycle each night.h
  15. sleep The invention of the lightbulb affected human sleep patterns
  16. The average amount of time people sleep has dropped from nine hours in the pre-lightbulb era to seven-and-a-half hours today.h
  17. Ken Parks, who murdered his mother-in-law by bludgeoning her with a tire iron and attempted to murder his father-in-law by strangulation, offered sleepwalking as a defense during his trial. He was acquitted.i
  18. Each year, sleep-related errors and accidents cost U.S. businesses an estimated $56 billion, cause nearly 25,000 deaths, and result in 2.5 million disabling injuries.k
  19. Over 70 million Americans suffer from a sleep disorder. Of those, over 60% have a chronic disorder.h
  20. When applied patiently and systematically, sleep deprivation is said to be the single most effective form of coercion and torture.f
  21. A nineteenth-century Chinese merchant was sentenced to death for murdering his wife. Sleep deprivation was deliberately chosen as the method of execution on the grounds that it would cause the maximum amount of suffering and would serve as the greatest deterrent to other potential murderers. He eventually died on the nineteenth day, having suffered terribly.f
  22. People whose normal nightly sleep duration is either unusually short (less than four hours) or unusually long (more than nine or 10 hours) have a higher-than-average risk of dying prematurely.f
  23. A person’s core body temperature drops to facilitate the onset of sleep. This means that artificial heat sources, such as electric blankets, can negatively affect a person’s quality of sleep.f
  24. The phenomenon of sudden, unexplained death of adults during sleep is called SUDS. In the Philippines it is known as bangungut, which literally means “to rise and moan during sleep.”k
  25. Sleepwalking is also called somnambulism, from the Greek somnus (sleep) + amb (to walk). Most sleepwalkers remember little, if anything, about the experience. While sleepwalking, a person can sometimes use the bathroom, eat, or even talk. Scientists postulate that adult sleepwalking has a genetic component.f
  26. Studies show that less sleep (six hours or less) can lead to higher inflammatory proteins in the blood.f
  27. sleepy woman Sleep deprivation is often considered normal
  28. Western industrialized societies have such high numbers of sleep deprivation that what is abnormal sleepiness is now considered normal.h
  29. Over two million children suffer from sleep disorders.h
  30. During sleep, the brain “consolidates” memories and skills, meaning that the brain strengthens, reorganizes, and restructures memories during sleep.f
  31. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that being tired accounts for the highest number of fatal single-car run-off-the-road crashes—even more than alcohol.k
  32. People who are in a coma or under anesthesia may seem to be asleep but the complex, active brainwave patterns seen in normal sleep are absent.f
  33. Rats normally live from two to three years. However, those deprived of REM sleep survive only about five weeks, and rats deprived of all states of sleep live only about three weeks.k
  34. The “exploding head syndrome” is a disorder in which when someone wakes up, they feel the sensation of an explosion going off in the head. This disorder typically occurs in the elderly. The syndrome causes anxiety, rapid heart rate, and sweating.k
  35. REM atonia, or sleep paralysis, occurs in the typical sleeper every night to prevent people from acting out their dreams. Only a few muscles have the ability to move during REM sleep, such as the eye muscles, the auditory muscles, and the diaphragm for respiration.f
  36. We usually spend more than two hours each night dreaming. We dream at least four to six times a night.k
  37. Experts say that if someone feels drowsy during the day, even during boring activities, they have not had enough sleep. Additionally, if a person falls to sleep in less than five minutes after lying down, they are suffering from severe sleep deprivation.k
  38. hyperactive kid Sleep-deprived children often become hyperactive
  39. Children don’t react the same way to sleep deprivation as adults: while adults get sleepy, children become hyperactive. In fact, a lack of sleep can result in ADHD-like symptoms in kids. Children need an average of nine to 10 hours of sleep each night.h
  40. Patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) are twice as likely to suffer from sleep apnea.k
  41. The Greek writer and philosopher Alcmaeon (fifth century B.C.) proposed what is probably the first theory on the causes of sleep. He postulated that sleep occurred when the blood vessels of the brain filled with blood. The blood induced pressure on the brain, which created sleepiness. When the blood left the brain, a person would wake up.k
  42. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) proposed that sleep occurred as long as digestion took place. The fumes from the food were absorbed into the blood stream, which were then taken to the brain, where they induced sleepiness.k
  43. Shakespeare made many references to sleep in his writings, and his clear descriptions of insomnia suggest that he suffered from the disorder.k
  44. A malingerer is someone who pretends to have a sleep disorder in order to get medication or other attention.k
  45. Fifty percent of women with children agree that sleep is the best way to recharge. This is nine percentage points higher than women without children.g
  46. Sixty-five percent of Americans lose sleep because of stress.g
  47. The Sandman is a mythological personification of sleep. The term developed from the “sand” that is commonly found in the corner of the eyes in the morning. The sandman in E.T.A. Hoffman’s (1776-1822) short story would throw sand in the eyes of naughty children who wouldn’t fall asleep, causing their eyes to fall out. The sandman would then collect their eyes and feed them to his own children.k
  48. “Sexsomnia” is a type of sleep behavior that occurs when someone engages in any sexual activity, from fondling to intercourse, while asleep. For example, one man masturbated in his sleep so vigorously that he suffered “repeated bruising of the penis.” Sufferers of sexsomnia typically have no conscious awareness of what they’re doing.c
  49. The Seattle Children’s Research Institute found that three- to five-year-old children who watched violent shows on TV were more likely to develop sleep problems. Sleep problems early in life increase the chances children will become obese and do poorly in school.k
  50. Scientists postulate that exercise sets a person’s biological clock into a consistent wake/sleep pattern and that it may also boost the brain’s production of serotonin, a neurochemical that encourages sleep.h
  51. Approximately 74% of stay-at-home moms report they have insomnia almost every night, and 39% say they are too tired for sex. Forty-four percent of working moms say they are too tired for sex.g
  52. A snoring partner wakes his non-snoring partner an average of 20 times per night, with an average sleep loss of one hour a day.g
  53. woman wakes up Within 10 minutes, 90% of a dream is forgotten
  54. Upon five minutes of waking, 50% of a dream is forgotten. Within 10 minutes, 90% of it is forgotten.k
  55. Studies show that 85% of police officers, 80% of regional pilots, and 48% of air-traffic controllers nod off on the job. Forty-one percent of medical workers admit they have made fatigue-related mistakes.k
  56. Sixty-seven percent of women lose sleep during their menstrual cycle each month. This is mostly due to a rapid drop in the hormone progesterone, which has sedative-type qualities.g
  57. Both anorexia nervosa (a disorder in which a person will eat only between 400 and 800 calories a day) and bulimia nervosa (a disorder in which a person will eat between 10,000 and 30,000 calories a day) significantly interfere with sleep.g
  58. Lack of sleep is associated with a decreased level of melatonin, a natural antioxidant produced in the brain that is able to slow or stop the growth of tumors. Melatonin reaches peak production levels at night.k
  59. carbs Carbs tend to make people more sleepy
  60. In general, carbs make you sleepy while protein makes you more alert.g
  61. One in four married couples sleep in separate beds.g
  62. Snoring can become worse after drinking alcohol. Alcohol has a direct depressant effect on the tongue and other muscles in the throat, which narrows the upper airway space.k
  63. Nocturnal emissions, or ejaculation during sleep for men or lubrication of the vagina for females, are directly linked to REM sleep. Other species, such as rats and dogs, also experience this. Nocturnal emissions, however, have little or nothing to do with sex or erotic dreams. Their biological purpose remains a mystery.k
  64. British soldiers were the first to use special goggles that simulated the brightness of a sunrise. The goggles helped the soldiers stay awake 36 hours without sleep.k
  65. An estimated eight out of ten blind people have problems sleeping. Those who are completely blind have the highest rate of sleep problems.d
  66. Insomnia is almost twice as common in women as it is in men.k

-- Posted August 9, 2011

References

a “Australian Koala Foundation.” Save the Koala. Accessed: July 15, 2011.

b “Giraffes.” Wildlife at Animal Corner. 2011. Accessed: July 19, 2011.

c “It’s Called ‘Sexsomnia.’” Newsweek. June 10, 2007. Accessed: June 30, 2011.

d Lamberg, Lynne. “Blind People Often Sleep Poorly, Research Shines Light on Therapy.”  JAMA. 1998. Accessed: July 19, 2011.

e Lauber, Patricia. 2008. What You Never Knew about Beds, Bedrooms, & Pajamas. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

f Martin, Paul. 2002. Counting Sheep: The Science and Pleasures of Sleep and Dreams. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press.

g Michaud, Ellen. 2008. Sleep to Be Sexy, Smart, and Slim. Pleasantville, NY: Reader’s Digest Association, Inc.

h Nadelson, Carol C., ed. 2001. Sleep Disorders. Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea House Publishers.

i Porter, Mark. "How To Treat Sleepwalking." The Times Online. June 8, 2009. Accessed: August 10, 2011.

j “Sleep.” Online Etymology Dictionary. 2010. Accessed: June 30, 2011.

k Thorpy, Michael and Jan Yager. 2001. Encyclopedia of Sleep and Sleep Disorders. 2nd Ed. New York, NY: Facts on File, Inc.